1. Who had the right to vote?

2. What were the differences in responsibility for a metic and a citizen?

3. If a woman was at the agora, what did that say about her?


Ancient Greek Home

Life in Ancient Greece allowed some of the Greek society several luxuries. Many families owned slaves and much of the day-to-day housework was taken care of by the slaves. This freed up a great deal of time that could be put towards art, music, pottery.

Men's Roles in Ancient Athens

Men had the dominant role in public life in ancient Greece. Metics (men that were not Athenian-born), had to pay taxes and serve in the military, but these men did not have voting privileges. Only citizens (Athenian-born men) had that the right to vote, but if you were a citizen you could vote despite your education or level of income. Male citizens were expected to do all the things that metic males were, but they had the responsiblity of attending the Assembly, voting and serving on the Boulé. Only men were engaged in politics and public events, while women were often encouraged to stay in the home. The Olympic Games were for males only.

Women's Roles in Ancient Athens

In Athens, pale skin was in style for women, showing that they were wealthy enough to stay inside. Also in Athens, only the very poor woman was found at the agora without a male escort. Women took care of the home and children. They were valued, but had only indirect influence on politics, possibly through their male family members. Girls were rarely formally educated. When men entertained, their wives were not invited to the dinner.

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