Multimedia: The Multimedia Principle

Paul Desmarais at Musselman Arch

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The Segmentation Principle

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The Segmentation Principle of Multimedia Learning

The Segmentation Principle is the seventh of eight principles of multimedia learning. Stated simply, the Segementation Principle says students learn long or complex tasks or procudures best when those tasks are broken into small parts or segments. This idea is sometimes described as "chunking" in the field of Instructional Message Design.

The Segmentation Principle is a way of addressing the issue of managing essential cognitive processing. During the course of a complex learning task, a student may engage in so much essential process, their ability to cognitive systems are overloaded and the exercise fails as a result. The Segmentation Principle is a means of addressing this issue. By breaking a lesson into smaller, more cognitively managable pieces a complex lesson can be rendered more cognitively digestible to learners, and thus, not overwhelm their ability to process data.

This short instructional video is an explanation of a how the segmentation principle works, and why it is important in creating instruction..