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"Congress of Vienna Restores Monarchy to France"
"Czar Nicholas I Limits Freedom of the Russian Press"
"Reform Movements Crushed in Hungary, Italy, and the German States"
These headlines could be described as
The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because they hoped he would
Which type of government is shown in the cartoon?
This drawing illustrates conditions that contributed primarily to the beginning
Which quotation was most likely made by an absolute monarch?
A study of revolutions would most likely lead to the conclusion that pre-Revolutionary governments
". . .The person of the King is sacred, and to attack him in any way is an
attack on religion itself. Kings represent the divine majesty and have been
appointed by Him to carry out His purposes. Serving God and respecting kings are
-Bishop Jacques Bossuet
Which person would most agree with this statement?
John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support
One important result of the French Revolution was that
A major goal of the Congress of Vienna was to
In France, which was a major result of the French Revolution?
"During the greater part of the day the guillotine had been kept busy at its
ghastly work . . . Every aristocrat was a traitor . . . For two hundred years
now the people had sweated, and toiled, and starved to keep a lustful court in
lavish extravagance; now the descendants of those who had helped to make these
courts brilliant had to hide for their lives."
Which generalization best summarizes the views of the author of this passage?
Which two revolutions most influenced 19th-century Latin American independence movements?
Speaker A: Good government stresses the importance of the nation and accepts the
rights of the individual only if the interests of the individual are the same as
those of the nation.
Speaker B: The person of the king is sacred and to attack him in any way is to attack religion itself. The respect given to a king is religious in nature.
Speaker C: All human beings are born free and equal with a right to life and liberty. It is the duty of government to protect these natural rights of its citizens.
Speaker D: Our goal will not be achieved by democracy or liberal reforms, but by blood and iron. Only then will we be successful. No nation achieves greatness or unity without the traumatic experiences of war.
Which speaker's statement best reflects the ideas of the Enlightenment?
"When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in
the same body of magistrates [government officials], there can be no liberty;
because apprehensions [fears] may
arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws to execute them in a tyrannical manner. . . ."
- Baron de Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws
Which solution would Baron de Montesquieu offer to avoid the enactment of tyrannical laws?
One similarity of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment is that both
"If man in the state of nature is free, if he is absolute lord of his own person
and possessions, why will he give up his freedom? Why will he put himself under
the control of any person or institution? The obvious answer is that rights in
the state of nature are constantly exposed to the attack of others. Since every
man is equal and since most men do not concern themselves with equity and
justice, the enjoyment of rights in the state of nature is unsafe and insecure.
Hence each man joins in society with others to preserve his life, liberty, and
- John Locke, Two Treatises of Government, 1690
This statement provides support for the
The American and French Revolutions were turning points in global history because the results of these revolutions
Speaker 1: "The state of monarchy is supreme on earth: for kings are not only
God's lieutenants upon earth and sit upon God's throne, but even by God himself
they are called gods."
Speaker 2: "If government fails to fulfill the end for which it was established-the preservation of the individual's right to life, liberty, and property-the people have a right to dissolve the government."
Speaker 3: "But what if the compact between the ruler and ruled is violated by the ruler? He thus becomes a tyrant, a criminal who forfeits his rights to the obedience of his subjects, who may now exercise their right to rebel and form a new compact."
Speaker 4: "The ruling authority in the state, the sovereign, must have supreme power, or society will collapse and the anarchy of the state of nature will return."
Which two speakers would support absolutism?
Which statement reflects an argument of Enlightenment philosophers against the belief in the divine right of kings?
Which list of French leaders is in the correct chronological order?
"The rule of law is more powerful than the rule of the tyrant."
- Simón Bolívar
"Whoever has the . . . supreme power . . . is bound to govern by established standing laws."
- John Locke
What is the main idea expressed in these quotations?
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that
they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among
these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. . . ."
This statement best expresses the philosophy of
The primary goal of most of Europe's absolute monarchs was to
Which statement is a valid generalization about the immediate results of the French Revolution of 1789?